Virgin among Virgins, detail (1509). Gérard David (Netherlandish, c.1460-1523). Oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen.
This work was commissioned by the Carmelite Convent of Bruges, the most important religious institution of the town. It decorated the high altar of the church of the Order. Saint Catherine is depicted in the “royal” surcoate.